Steel is a material with structural differences. Therefore, there are more than one type of steel. German light steel, which is especially important for its use in buildings, has a remarkable position with its features.
Steel is a material with structural differences. Therefore, there are more than one type of steel. Light steel, which is especially important to use in buildings, has a remarkable position with its features. So, what is the light steel structure that is frequently preferred in steel structures? In this article we prepared for Germany as Mod Çelik Yapı, one of the pioneers of the prefabricated building sector, we will be answering the question of what is a light steel structure.
What is Light Steel Structure?
Mild steel is a type of steel that first appeared in Germany in the second half of the 1900s. Mild steel, produced by cold forming, was originally produced for use in the automobile and aircraft industries. On the other hand, it is a preferred steel in many places today. Light steel, which is frequently used especially in buildings, has shown itself as a structural element used mainly in roofs. However, over time, it has become much more preferred in the field of construction thanks to its features. Thus, it has taken its present form since the 1980s. It consists of light steel structure, load-bearing wall and floor panels. These panels are produced with hot-dip galvanization and are formed by cold forming. Light steel, which is preferred especially in container structures, comes to the fore with its durability. mild steel; It can have different profiles such as U, C, Z. Therefore, each shape brings with it a measure of different thickness. However, although there is a variable size, mild steel is generally between 0.5 mm and 2.5 mm. Light steel structures are mostly developed in America and Canada. That's why there are so many options in those areas. However, these structures have an increasing use in Turkey. At this point, Mod Çelik Yapı draws attention with its professional employees and high quality products.
Mild steel is the lightest steel available among the carbon steels. Light steel structures, which have a wide area of use, also have many features. So what are the features of light steel structure?
Light steel structures appear as budget-friendly structures. Especially the fact that it can be built with a small number of equipment is an economic plus. In addition, structures produced by the cold forming method are more affordable than the hot forming method.
2. Provides Dimensional Stability
Light steel structures are inorganic. Therefore, they do not rot. At the same time, they have a structure that does not crack and does not expand. It provides dimensional stability due to its non-expanding form.
3. Lightweight and Durable
Light steel structures are produced by cold forming method. Lightweight elements can be produced with this method. However, the load carrying capacity of light steel structures is quite high compared to the weight ratio. Light steel structures are also known for their earthquake resistance. It is lighter than reinforced concrete structures built in the same size. In this way, while the load of the structure decreases, its resistance against earthquakes increases.
4. It Has an Easy-to-Install Structure
Light steel structures are structures that can be easily installed like prefabricated structures. This greatly reduces the construction time. It also has a structure that can be quickly disassembled and reassembled.
5. Environmentally Friendly
Steel products are generally recyclable. Mild steel, on the other hand, is obtained by producing much less material than many types of steel. This is less harmful to the environment. In addition, mild steel does not cause pests, just like other types of steel. In this way, since it does not undergo any chemical process, it does not cause the release of substances that are harmful to nature.
6. Less Human Error
Light steel structures are produced in factories by machines, not by human physical power. Since the intervention by humans is very low, the margin of error is also very low.
Light Steel Structure Usage Areas
We mentioned that light steel structures are more economical than other types of steel. This is one of the most important reasons why light steel structures are preferred. Light steel structures can be preferred in many different areas due to being economical, easy to install and many features. So, where are the light steel structures used?
• Used in Mezzanine Construction
The mezzanine floor, which is applied in light steel structures, reinforced concrete structures and wooden structures, is called the creation of a tension floor by dividing the structure. Light steel, which is frequently preferred due to its lightness, creates a suitable profile for the mezzanine floor.
• Can Be Used in Roof Construction
Roof, which is one of the first areas where light steel is used in construction, is preferred because it is light and durable. In addition, the fact that it is an economical and easily applicable structure is also effective in its use in roof construction.
• Can Be Preferred In Industrial Buildings
Industrial buildings are the places where production takes place, and technically it is necessary to do things such as assembly, processing and storage.